Another word embodying a form of fear.  Lopez observed that Eskimos have lived with more fear than we are used to, saying that ‘on a day to day basis, they have more fear’ (which is not to imply any less courage).  He also refers to someone asking a shaman about Eskimo beliefs, with the striking response: “We do not believe. We fear.”

The fear implied in the word kappia Lopez defines as apprehension in the face of unpredictability, such as having to cross thin ice.

‘Fear in the face of unpredictable violence, apprehension – having to cross thin sea ice, kappia.’ 


Source: Barry Lopez, Arctic Dreams, pp. 7 and 201

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